Ungazilungisa kanjani izinzwane zakho: izinyathelo eziyi-13 (ezinezithombe)

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Ungazilungisa kanjani izinzwane zakho: izinyathelo eziyi-13 (ezinezithombe)
Ungazilungisa kanjani izinzwane zakho: izinyathelo eziyi-13 (ezinezithombe)
Anonim

Izinzwani ziyakwazi ukusonteka lapho zingaphansi kwengcindezi engapheli noma ingcindezi, okuwumphumela ovamile lapho ugqoka izicathulo ezinezithende eziphakeme nezinzwane ezincane. Imigqa kanye nemisipha ezungeze ukuhlangana okuhlangene, okubangela ukungahambi kahle nokuvuvukala. Uzwane olukhulu lusengozini enkulu kulolu hlobo lwesifo, esivame ukubizwa nge-bunion. Ezinye izinzwane nazo zingaphambuka ngemuva kokuphuka noma ukuhlukaniswa komzimba kulandela ukuhlukumezeka okukhulu. Okunye ukukhubazeka nakho kungathinta ukuqondaniswa kwezinzwane zakho. Uma lesi sifo silashwa kusenesikhathi ngokwanele (kuya ngesizathu), ungakwazi ukuqondisa izinzwane zakho ezigwegwile ngaphandle kokuhlinzwa, kodwa uma inkinga iqhubeka, kungadingeka ukuthi uhlinzwe.

Izinyathelo

Ingxenye 1 kwezingu-4: thola inkinga

Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 1

Isinyathelo 1. Yenza i-aphoyintimenti nodokotela womndeni wakho

Uma uqaphele ukuthi eyodwa noma eziningi zezinzwane zakho zigobile, ikakhulukazi uma kubangela ubuhlungu nokuvuvukala, udinga ukwenza i-aphoyintimenti nodokotela wakho! Udokotela wakho uqeqeshelwe ukubona izinkinga ezinkulu (njengokuqhekeka noma izifo), kodwa khumbula ukuthi abayena uchwepheshe ohlangene noma onyaweni, ngakho-ke ungadinga -ukubonisana nomunye ukuze uthole ukuxilongwa okuqondile.

  • Udokotela wakho angakucela ukuthi ube ne-x-ray yonyawo ukuthola umbono ongcono wenkinga yakho.
  • Udokotela wakho angakuhlolela negazi ukuze ahlole izinga le-glucose yakho, njengoba izinkinga zezinyawo zivame ukwenzeka kubantu abanesifo sikashukela.
Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 2

Isinyathelo 2. Cela udokotela wakho ukuthi akudlulisele kudokotela ohlinzayo wamathambo

Ama-Orthopedists ngongoti abahlangene abalungisa izinkinga besebenzisa izinsimbi, izihlwathi, ukuhlinzwa, noma ezinye izindlela ezihlaselayo. Akunakwenzeka ukuthi udinge ukuhlinzwa ukuze uphathe izinzwane zakho ezigobile, kepha udokotela ohlinzayo wamathambo uzokwazi ukuthola ukuxilongwa okulungile, alinganise ukuthi isifo samathambo naso siyisici yini, futhi anikeze nemithi elwa nokuvuvukala noma ukudambisa izinhlungu uma lokho kuyadingeka.

Udokotela wakho ohlinzayo wamathambo angafuna nokwenza i-x-ray yonyawo lwakho, i-CT scan, i-MRI, noma i-ultrasound ukuthola kahle inkinga

Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 3

Isinyathelo 3. Thintana nodokotela wezinyawo

Udokotela wezinyawo ungudokotela wezimo eziphuthumayo ogxile ezinkingeni zezinyawo, eCanada, futhi ungudokotela ohlinzayo. Igxila kumadivayisi wezinyawo noma we-arch support (orthotic), amadivayisi wamathambo nezicathulo ezenziwe ngezifiso.

  • I-podiatrist ingumthombo omuhle wolwazi ekutholeni izicathulo ezifanele zezinyawo zakho.
  • Ama-Physiotherapists, ama-chiropractors kanye nama-naturopaths nawo ayimithombo enhle yolwazi maqondana nezinkinga zonyawo noma uzwane futhi angakunikeza ukwelashwa okungokwemvelo, okungeyona into ehlaselayo.

Ingxenye 2 kwezingu-4: ukunakekela u-anyanisi

Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 4

Isinyathelo 1. Nakekela ubuhlungu

I-bunion ukuvuvukala okungapheli nobunzima bejoyini obenzeka lapho uzwane olukhulu luphusha njalo lubheke kwezinye izinzwane, imvamisa ngokugqoka izicathulo ezingalingani kahle noma eziminyene kakhulu (isb. Izithende eziphakeme). Izinyawo eziyizicaba ziphinde zibe nomthelela ekwakhiweni kuka-anyanisi ongabukeka njenge-rheumatoid noma i-osteoarthritis ngenxa yokuba khona kokuvuvukala, ukuba bomvu kanye nobuhlungu obuthuntu, nobukhali. Ngenkathi u-anyanisi ekhula, uzwane olukhulu luyajiya futhi lubangele ubuhlungu obuningi, okungaholela ekuxhuxekeni nezinye izinkinga ezihlangene eqakaleni noma emadolweni.

  • Ama-anti-inflammatories (njenge-ibuprofen noma i-naproxen) noma izinhlungu zokunciphisa izinhlungu (njenge-paracetamol) zingasiza ngokuvuvukala nobuhlungu obubangelwa u-anyanisi.
  • Uma ubuhlungu bukhulu kakhulu, udokotela wakho noma udokotela wamathambo angakunika imithi enamandla, ngokwesibonelo i-COX-2 inhibitors noma imithi ye-morphine.
  • Imijovo ye-steroid ngqo ejoyinini ingasebenza futhi ekunciphiseni ubuhlungu nokuvuvukala.
Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 5

Isinyathelo 2. Shintsha izicathulo zakho

Iningi lo-anyanisi lithuthuka kwabesifazane abagqoka izicathulo ezincanyana kakhulu. Ungamisa ukuqhubekela phambili nobuhlungu bama-bunion ngokushintsha izicathulo zakho bese ukhetha uzwane olubanzi ngokusekelwa okungcono kwe-arch, yize kungenzeka ukuthi ngeke iqondanise kabusha uzwane lwakho olukhulu. Ngemuva kokushiya izicathulo zakho ezisefashonini ekhabethe, uma i-bunion isenobuhlungu futhi ikhawulela imisebenzi yakho, kufanele ucabangele ukuhlinzwa.

  • Kufanele ukwazi ukuzulazula izinzwane zakho lapho ugqoke izicathulo zakho.
  • Kufanele kube nendawo eyi-intshi enhle phakathi konozwane omkhulu nozwane lwesicathulo njengoba umile.
  • Ngokuvamile, khetha izicathulo zezemidlalo nezimbadada ezihambayo.
Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 6

Isinyathelo 3. Thola i-splint

Ungabunciphisa ubuhlungu futhi uqondise kabusha ukujoyina, kuya ngohlobo lwebunion onalo, ngokulengisa ipulasitiki, ukhuni noma insimbi ezungeze uzwane oluthintekile. Ungase futhi ukwazi ukudambisa ubuhlungu be-anyanisi kancane ngokugqoka ama-silicone pads. I-orthopedist, i-podiatrist, i-physiotherapist kanye ne-chiropractor ingakusiza ukhethe i-splint noma i-orthotic.

  • Ukusekelwa kwe-Arch kanye nama-orthotic kusiza ukuqondanisa kabusha unyawo, ukulungisa ibhalansi nokusabalaliswa kwesisindo emisipheni yezinyawo nezinzwane zakho.
  • Ukubhucungwa, ukunwetshwa okulula, nokugezwa kweqhwa kungasiza ekunciphiseni ubuhlungu nokungakhululeki kwamabhanion.
Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 7

Isinyathelo 4. Cabanga ngokuhlinzekelwa u-anyanisi wakho

Ukuhlinzwa kweBunion kuvame ukuhilela ukugcwalisa ithambo noma ukuliphula ngamasu ukuze ulibuyisele endaweni yalo. Izipikili nemicu yokuhlinza kuvame ukufakwa ukubamba amathambo endaweni njengoba elapha. Kumajoyinti alimele kakhulu, ijoyini lingathanjiswa noma lisuswe ngokuphelele ukuze kufakwe ijoyinti lokufakelwa. Inhloso yalokhu kuhlinza ukuqeda izinhlungu nokwandisa ukuhamba, hhayi ukudala unyawo "olubukeka kangcono" noma ukusiza ukugqoka izithende eziphakeme. Uma ugqoka izicathulo ezicijile, eziqinile ngemuva kwenqubo, u-anyanisi kungenzeka abuye.

  • Ukuhlinzwa ko-anyanisi wukuhlinzwa kweziguli. Ngemuva kokuhlinzwa, unyawo lumbozwe ngebhande elijiyile eliyicindezelayo.
  • Ithambo ngokuvamile lithatha cishe amasonto ayisithupha ukuphola, yingakho iziguli zivame ukugqoka ibhuzu lokuzivikela amasonto ayisithupha ngemuva kwenqubo. Ngalesi sikhathi, gwema ukuhamba kakhulu noma ukuhamba uma kungenasidingo.

Ingxenye 3 kwezingu-4: phatha ukuhlukaniswa

Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 8

Isinyathelo 1. Thola uzwane lwakho kabusha

Ukwehlukaniswa kozwane kungumphumela ojwayelekile wokuhlukumezeka onyaweni, kungaba ngengozi (njengokushaya uzwane) noma ngenhloso (ukukhahlela ibhola). Uzwane oluhlukanisiwe lubangela ubuhlungu obukhulu futhi lubonakala lungahambelani, kepha imvamisa akukho kuphuka. Ukwelashwa okufanelekile ukuqondiswa kabusha kozwane oluhlukanisiwe kusetshenziswa ukwelashwa okwenziwa ngezandla okwenziwa ngudokotela wakho, udokotela wezifo zenyawo noma i-chiropractor. Ukwelashwa kubangela ukukhululeka kobuhlungu ngokushesha.

  • Ukwehlukaniswa ngokuvamile akuhambelani ngokuzenzekelayo ngaphandle kokungenela kochwepheshe.
  • Uma isikhathi eside ushiya ilunga lisusiwe, maningi amathuba okuthi ulimale unomphela emigudwini noma emisipheni, yingakho kubalulekile ukuthola ukwelashwa ngokushesha uma ukulimala kukhulu.
Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 9

Isinyathelo 2. Sekela uzwane uze uphole

Lapho ukuhlanganiswa kwezinzwane sekuphinde kwahlelwa kabusha, kubalulekile ukuyixhasa ngensimbi noma ngetheyiphu yezokwelapha ejiyile, njengoba imisipha nemisipha egcina ijoyini iqonde kunganwebeka noma kube buthakathaka okwesikhashana. Ngenxa yalokhu, uzwane olusanda kulungiswa lungahle lungazinzile izinsuku ezimbalwa kuze kube yilapho izicubu ezixhuma zingaqina.

Ungenza futhi i-splint yakho ngezinti zokhuni kanye ne-chatterton

Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 10

Isinyathelo 3. Qinisa izinzwane zakho ngokuzivocavoca umzimba

Ngokushesha ngemuva kokuthi uzwane olususwe emuva lubuyiselwe endaweni futhi lwaqiniswa, kufanele uluqinise ngokwenza izivivinyo ezithile. Ngokusebenzisa izinzwane zakho ukubamba izinto phansi njengethawula noma izimabula zengilazi, uzokwazi ukuqinisa imisipha nemisipha ezinzwaneni nasezinyaweni.

  • Khuluma nodokotela wakho ngaphambi kokuqala uhlelo lokuzivocavoca, ikakhulukazi uma unezinye izimo zezokwelapha ezifana nesifo samathambo noma isifo sikashukela.
  • Uma izivivinyo zingasebenzi kahle noma uma uzwa ubuhlungu ngenkathi uzenza, bheka udokotela wakho wezokwelapha noma udokotela wezinyawo ukuthola iseluleko esenzelwe wena uqobo.

Ingxenye 4 kwezingu-4: Phatha okunye ukukhubazeka

Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 11

Isinyathelo 1. Phatha uzipho lwakho kuzwane

Izinzwani zezinzipho zingukukhubazeka kozwane lwesibili, lwesithathu, noma lwesine olubangelwa ukusikwa kokuhlangana okukude, kukwenza kubonakale njengozipho. Izinzwani zezinzipho zivame ukuguquguquka ekuqaleni, kepha zingaba lukhuni uma zingelashwa kahle. Zibangelwa ukugqoka izicathulo ezincane kakhulu noma ezincanyana kakhulu noma ngokugqoka izithende eziphakeme ezifaka ingcindezi eyeqile emaqenjini emisipha yezinzwani.

  • Izinzwani zezinzipho zingalashwa ngokuhlinzwa ngokusika nokwelula ithenda onenkontileka ngaphambi kokubeka insimbi yensimbi eduzane nejoyinti lokusekelwa noma ngaphambi kokwenza ulaka lwansuku zonke olunolaka. Imiphetho nezinsimbi nakho kungasebenza ekwehliseni uzwane.
  • Sebenzisa iminwe yakho ukubhucunga uzwane ngaphambi kokuyidonsa, ubambe ulula ngalunye imizuzwana embalwa. Qhubeka nokuzivocavoca izikhathi eziningana ngosuku amasonto ambalwa noma uze ubone ukuthuthuka okusobala.
Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 12

Isinyathelo 2. Phatha izinzwane zakho ezigobile

Izinzwani ezigobile zithatha lokhu kubonakala ngenxa yokuncipha kwamalunga ahambele nalawo aphoqelela ukuphela konozwane ukunamathela ematheni wesicathulo. Ama-calluses abuhlungu nezinhlamvu zommbila zingakhula onqeni lwenzwane ethintekile. Izinzwani ezigobile zibangelwa ukugqoka izicathulo ezincane kakhulu, kepha futhi nezifo ezithile (ezinjengesifo sikashukela) noma ukuphazamiseka okuthile (ukusikwa kwemisipha).

  • Izinzwani ezigobile zingelashwa ngenqubo yokuhlinzwa efana naleyo esetshenziselwa ukuziphozisa izinzwane, ukusika nokwelula imisipha enenkontileka.
  • Zama ukunqampuna, okuzokwenza ukuthi imisipha namalunga ongene enkontilekeni welule futhi welule.
Qondanisa izinzwane Isinyathelo 13

Isinyathelo 3. Phatha izinzwani zakho ze-mallet

Izinzwani zeMallet ziyefana nezinzwane ezigobile, kepha zibandakanya ukubeka okungavamile kuphela ekuhlanganeni okukude kakhulu (ekugcineni konozwane). Uzwane lweMallet kuvame ukubangelwa izicathulo eziqinile kakhulu ezinzwaneni noma izicathulo ezinezithende eziphakeme. Ingcindezi efakwa yilezi zicathulo onyaweni ingadala ukuma okuzenzekelayo kwezinzwane.

  • Izinzwane zeMallet zingaphathwa ngenqubo yokuhlinza efana naleyo yozipho noma izinzwane ezigobile, ukusika nokwelula imisipha enesivumelwano.
  • Kufanele njalo uzame ukwelula izinzwane zakho lapho ungafake zicathulo. Ungagqoka umshini odala isikhala phakathi kwezinzwani zakho ukusiza ukubabuyisela esimweni esifanele sokwakheka.

Iseluleko

  • Izimpawu ezivame kakhulu ezihambisana nezinzwane ezisontekile yilezi: ubuhlungu ezinzwaneni (okuvame ukuba bukhali noma kubangele umuzwa ovuthayo), ukuvuvukala nokubomvu, izinkontileka zemisipha, ukuncipha kwezinzwane nokuxhuga.
  • Ukwehlisa ukuvuvukala emajoyintini ezinzwane, beka amaphakethe wesikhumba se-moles noma into efanayo phakathi kwezinzwani zakho ukuvimbela ukuthi zingagudluki komunye nomunye.
  • Uma ifomu le-callus ku-anyanisi wakho, cwilisa unyawo lwakho kubhavu onyawo osivivi ngosawoti we-Epsom imizuzu eyi-15 (ukuthambisa isikhumba) ngaphambi kokukhipha itshe le-pumice. Kungathatha ukwelashwa okuthathu kuye kwemihlanu emasontweni ambalwa ngaphambi kokuthi ikholi ihambe ngokuphelele.

Ethandwa ngesihloko