Ungalanda kanjani futhi usebenze amafayela wesifufula

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Ungalanda kanjani futhi usebenze amafayela wesifufula
Ungalanda kanjani futhi usebenze amafayela wesifufula
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Izifufula zingenye yezindlela ezithandwa kakhulu zokwabelana ngamafayela ku-intanethi. Uzobona ukuthi cishe noma yini ingabiwa ngezifufula futhi lokhu futhi kuyindlela enhle yokwabelana ngamafayela nomndeni wakho nabangane. Eqinisweni, amafayela wesifufula aqukethe noma iyiphi ingxenye yokuqukethwe kwefayela olilanda. Esikhundleni salokho, bakuthumela kwamanye amakhompyutha abelana ngaleli fayela, ukuvumela ukuthi ulilande ngqo kusuka kwabanye abasebenzisi.

Izinyathelo

Ingxenye 1 kwezingu-3: Landa izifufula

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 1

Isinyathelo 1. Qonda ukuthi izifufula zisebenza kanjani

Amafayela wesifufula amafayela amancane atshela ikhompyutha ukuthi axhumeke kanjani kwamanye amakhompyutha abelana ngefayela ofuna ukulilanda. Ngemuva kwalokho ungalanda izingxenye ezincane zefayela kukhompyutha ngayinye oxhumeke kuyo. Uhlelo lwakho lwesifufula luzobe seluqoqa lezi zingcezu futhi lunikeze nefayela eliphelele. Ngenxa yokuthi uxhuma kumakhompyutha amaningi ngasikhathi sinye, izifufula zingesinye sezixazululo ezisheshayo zokulanda amafayela amakhulu futhi azidingi iseva emaphakathi njengoba kwenzeka kuwebhusayithi noma kwi-intanethi. 'I-FTP.

Amafayela eTorrent anjalo, anokwandiswa kwe-.torrent, awanawo amafayela owalandayo. Zimane zisebenze njengezikhombi zalawa mafayela kumakhompyutha wabanye abasebenzisi

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 2

Isinyathelo 2. Landa futhi ufake iklayenti lesifufula

Ukuze ukwazi ukulanda amafayela wesifufula, uzodinga into ebizwa ngokuthi "iklayenti" yesifufula. Lolu uhlelo olulawula ukuxhumana nabanye abasebenzisi besifufula futhi olunakekela inqubo yokulanda ifayela. Amaklayenti amaningana wesifufula ayatholakala kwi-intanethi, kepha phakathi kwezinketho ezithandwa kakhulu esingazithola:

  • qBittorent (Windows, Mac, Linux) - qbittorrent.org
  • Uzamcolo (Windows, Mac, Linux) - deluge-torrent.org
  • Ukudluliswa (Mac, Linux) - transmissionbt.com
  • I-Flud (Android)
Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 3

Isinyathelo 3. Lungiselela iklayenti lakho lesifufula

Ngaphambi kokuthi uqale ukulanda amafayela wesifufula, uzodinga ukumisa izilungiselelo ezimbalwa zohlelo lwakho. Inqubo iyahluka ngokuya ngeklayenti olisebenzisayo, kepha imvamisa izinketho ziyafana kakhulu. Ungathola imenyu Izinketho Kuphi Okuncamelayo kubha yemenyu.

  • Hlola isigaba "Sokuxhuma" bese uqinisekisa ukuthi ibhokisi elithi "UPnP" lihloliwe. Lokhu kuzokuvumela ukuthi uxhumane nabasebenzisi abaningi besifufula ngangokunokwenzeka.
  • Bheka isigaba se- "Bandwidth" noma "Speed" bese usetha umkhawulo kuzinga lokudlulisa. Ngokuvamile, isivinini esinconywayo cishe singama-80% wejubane lakho langempela lokudlulisa. Lokhu kuzovimbela iklayenti lesifufula ekusebenziseni kuphela ukuxhumana ngenkathi labelana ngamafayela.
  • Vula isigaba esithi "Okulandiwe" bese ukhetha umkhombandlela ukuze ugcine amafayela uma eseqedile.
Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 4

Isinyathelo 4. Thola ifayela sesifufula ukulanda

Indawo ejwayelekile yokuthola amafayela wesifufula isesizeni sesifufula se-tracker. Empeleni, lezi izinhlu zezifufula ezizokunikeza ulwazi mayelana nefayela elabiwe kusuka kuleso sifufula, kanye nenani labasebenzisi abalabelanayo. Ungathola ama-torrent trackers ngokusesha ku-inthanethi ifayela olifunayo, kanye negama elingukhiye elithi "torrent". Emakhasini ama-tracker wesifufula, imvamisa kunemibono nezilinganiso zomsebenzisi ezisetshenziselwa ukuthola inguqulo engcono kakhulu yalelo fayela.

  • Bheka ubuningi bemithombo ngokuqhathaniswa nenani lamakhasimende. Imithombo ngabasebenzisi abaqedile ukudluliswa kwefayela futhi manje babelana ngefayela nabanye. Amaklayenti abasebenzisi abasalanda ifayili futhi okwamanje bengabelani ngefayela eliphelele. Uma kunamakhasimende amaningi futhi kunemithombo embalwa kakhulu, kungathatha isikhashana ukuthi ifayili lilande. Ngokuphambene nalokho, uma kunemithombo eminingi namakhasimende ambalwa, ukulanda ifayela kufanele kwenziwe ngejubane eliseduze nejubane eliphezulu lokuxhumeka kwakho.
  • Bheka ukuphawula kwefayela lesifufula ngaphambi kokulilanda. Bangakusiza ukuthi unqume ukuthi ngabe lelo fayela linekhwalithi enhle (ibalulekile kumavidiyo) nokuthi lingenwe yini ngamagciwane (libalulekile ezinhlelweni) noma cha.
  • Amafayela amaningi asemthethweni abiwa ngezifufula ngoba avumela noma ngubani ukuthi abelane ngefayela ngaphandle kokusetha iseva. Akukho emthethweni emazweni amaningi ukulanda amafayela ongenawo amalungelo kuwo.
Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 5

Isinyathelo 5. Landa ifayela lesifufula

Iningi le-software yesifufula lenzelwe ukuvula ngokuzenzakalela ifayela le-.torrent uma selilandelwe. Uma kungenjalo, ungavula ifayili kusuka kuklayenti lakho lesifufula noma ungavele ulihudule bese uliphonsa ewindini leklayenti. Uma ulayini wakho umahhala, uzoqala ukuxhuma kwabanye abasebenzisi ngokuzenzakalela. Ukulanda kuzoqala futhi ungabheka ukuqhubeka kwayo ewindini leklayenti elikhulu lesifufula.

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 6

Isinyathelo 6. Linda ukulanda kuqede

Ijubane lapho ukulandwa kwefayela lakho lincike kuzilungiselelo eziningi ezahlukahlukene kufaka phakathi isivinini sakho sokuxhuma, izilungiselelo zamakhasimende, nempilo yesifufula. Awukwazi ukusebenzisa amafayela alandiwe kuze kube yilapho ukulanda sekuqedile ngokuphelele.

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 7

Isinyathelo 7. Yabelana ngefayela eligcwalisiwe

Izifufula zisinda kuphela lapho abasebenzisi babelana ngefayela nabanye abasebenzisi. Imiphakathi eminingi yangasese yesifufula ilindele ukuthi ugcine isilinganiso esincane samafayela abiwe kumafayela alandiwe. Lokhu akusebenzi ngokuvamile kwizifufula zomphakathi, kepha kubhekwa njengemfundo enhle emhlabeni wesifufula ukwabelana okungenani okuningi njengokulandile.

Ingxenye 2 kwezingu-3: sebenzisa izifufula

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 8

Isinyathelo 1. Thola ifayela olilandile

Uzokwazi ukuthola amafayela owalande kufolda oyisethe esinyathelweni esedlule. Uma ungashintshanga ifolda yendawo oya kuyo, imvamisa uzothola amafayela aqediwe kufolda yakho ye- "Okulandiwe".

Ungachofoza kwesokudla ifayela eligcwalisiwe kuhlu lwakho lwesifufula bese ukhetha "Vula ifolda yokwamukela" ukuvula ifayela ngqo ewindini

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 9

Isinyathelo 2. Faka isidlali sevidiyo esisha kuma-movie amaningi

Uhlobo lwevidiyo oluvame kakhulu emhlabeni wesifufula yi-MKV, engadlalwa yiWindows Media Player noma i-iTunes. Uzoba nesikhathi esilula sokudlala iningi lamavidiyo ozowalanda uma usebenzisa isidlali sevidiyo esivela eceleni njenge-VLC noma i-MPC-HC. Bobabili laba badlali bevidiyo bangumthombo wamahhala futhi ovulekile futhi bangadlala cishe noma iyiphi ifomethi yevidiyo.

  • Ungalanda i-VLC ku-videolan.org. Itholakala ngeWindows, Mac, neLinux, futhi iza ifakwa kuqala kokunye ukusatshalaliswa kweLinux.
  • Ungalanda i-MPC-HC kusuka ku-mpc-hc.org. Itholakala kuphela ngeWindows.
  • Ngemuva kokufaka isidlali sevidiyo esisha, qhafaza kwesokudla kunoma yiliphi ifayela levidiyo bese ukhetha u- "Open With". Khetha isidlali sakho sevidiyo esisha ohlwini lwezinketho ezitholakalayo.
Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 10

Isinyathelo 3. Khweza amafayela e-ISO noma uwashise kudiski elingenalutho

Amafayela e-ISO ayizithombe zediski, okusho ukuthi yikhophi ngqo lediski yoqobo. Lawa mafayela angafakwa kukhompyutha yakho njenge-disk ebonakalayo noma kungenzeka ukuthi uwashise kudiski elingenalutho bese ufaka leyo disc kunoma iyiphi ikhompyutha. Amafayela e-ISO ajwayelekile kakhulu ekwenzeni amakhophi ama-DVD movie noma ama-disc okufaka ama-software.

  • Ku-Windows 8 nokusha, ungachofoza ngakwesokudla kufayela le-ISO bese ukhetha u- "Mount" ukufaka ifayela le-ISO kudrayivu ebonakalayo. Izosebenza sengathi ufake ikhophi ebonakalayo yediski kudrayivu entsha kwikhompyutha yakho. I-OS X futhi isekela ukufaka amafayela we-ISO ngokwendabuko. Ku-Windows 7 nangaphezulu, uzodinga ukufaka uhlelo lwe-virtual drive ukufaka ifayili.
  • Ku-Windows 7 nokusha, ungashisa ifayela le-ISO kwi-DVD engenalutho ngokuchofoza kwesokudla ifayela le-ISO bese ukhetha u- “Burn to disc”. Ungasebenzisa uhlelo lwe- "Disk Utility" ku-OS X ukushisa amafayela we-ISO kwi-DVD. Ku-Windows Vista nangaphezulu, uzodinga ukufaka uhlelo oluvuthayo olusekela amafayela we-ISO.
  • Kukhona namanye amafomethi wesithombe sediski afaka i-BIN, i-CDR, i-NRG nezinye eziningi. Uzodinga isisetshenziswa esizinikezele esivuthayo ukuze ukwazi ukushisa lawa mafomethi kwi-disc, ngaphandle kohlelo lwakho lokusebenza.
Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 11

Isinyathelo 4. Skena amafayela we-EXE ukuthola amagciwane ngaphambi kokuwasebenzisa

Ukugijima.EXE amafayela alandwe ngezifufula ayingozi kakhulu futhi ngokuvamile awanconywa ngaphandle kokuthi uwuthemba ngempela umthombo. Noma kunjalo, kufanele uskene ifayela le-EXE ngohlelo lwakho lwe-antivirus, ukuze uqiniseke nje. Ngokuvikeleka okungaphezulu, qala usebenzise ifayela le-.EXE kumshini obonakalayo ukuze lingathinti lonke uhlelo lwakho.

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 12

Isinyathelo 5. Sebenzisa okukhipha kungobo yomlando ukuvula amafayela acindezelwe

Ukuminyaniswa kwefayela kuvamile ngezifufula ngoba kuvumela umdali ukuthi afake inombolo enkulu yamafayela kungobo yomlando eyodwa. Amafomethi wokucindezela ajwayelekile kakhulu yi-ZIP, RAR, 7Z, ne-TAR. Amafayela we-ZIP angavulwa ngokuzenzakalela nganoma yiziphi izinhlelo ezisebenzayo, ngokuchofoza kabili kufayela. Kweminye ingobo yomlando, uzodinga uhlelo lokuzinikela oluzinikele njengohlelo lwamahhala lwe-7-Zip (7-zip.org).

Ingxenye 3 kwezingu-3: ukuxazulula inkinga

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 13

Isinyathelo 1. Sesha ku-inthanethi ukuthola eminye imininingwane mayelana nezandiso ezithile zefayela

Uma ulande ifayela emfuleni futhi ungazi ukuthi ulivula kanjani, sesha i-inthanethi ukuze unwebe usebenzisa injini yakho yokusesha oyithandayo. Kufanele ukwazi ukuthola ukuthi ulivula kanjani ifayili nokuthi lizosebenza yini kwikhompyutha yakho. Isibonelo, amafayela we-.EXE ngeke asebenze kwi-Mac, futhi amafayela we-DMG ngeke asebenze ku-Windows.

Landa futhi udlale izifufula Isinyathelo 14

Isinyathelo 2. Gwema ukufaka izinhlelo nemidlalo ongayithenganga ngokusemthethweni

Izikhathi eziningi lapho ufaka lezi zinhlelo kuzodingeka usebenzise isoftware yokhiye owedlula ukuvikelwa kwelungelo lobunikazi bohlelo. La ma-generator amakhulu angaba yingozi kakhulu futhi angakwazi ukufaka isoftware enobungozi emshinini wakho. Izinhlelo ngokwazo kungenzeka ukuthi zishintshelwe izinhloso eziyingozi.

Landa futhi udlale Isifufula Isinyathelo 15

Isinyathelo 3. Qala kabusha i-hardware yakho yenethiwekhi

Kwesinye isikhathi izifufula zingagcwalisa inethiwekhi yakho futhi ziyeke ukusebenza ngokungazelelwe. Indlela esheshayo yokuxazulula le nkinga ukukhipha amandla kwimodemu yakho naku-router, bese uwaxhuma futhi ngemuva komzuzu. Lokhu kuzoqala kabusha inethiwekhi yakho yasekhaya futhi ngethemba ukuthi kuzolungiswa inkinga yokuxhumeka.

  • Qiniseka ukuthi inketho ye- "UPnP" ihlolwe kwimenyu Izinketho Kuphi Okuncamelayo yomzila wakho.
  • Uma iWindows Firewall yakho ikucela ukuthi uvumele ukufinyelela kusuka kuklayenti lakho lesifufula, ungakhohlwa ukwamukela.

Izexwayiso

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