Ungalunquma kanjani uhlobo lwegazi lakho: izinyathelo ezi-7 (ezinezithombe)

Okuqukethwe:

Ungalunquma kanjani uhlobo lwegazi lakho: izinyathelo ezi-7 (ezinezithombe)
Ungalunquma kanjani uhlobo lwegazi lakho: izinyathelo ezi-7 (ezinezithombe)
Anonim

Mhlawumbe ufuna ukuthola uhlobo lwegazi lakho ngesizathu sezokwelapha, ukuthola i-visa yokuhlala noma ukwanelisa ilukuluku lakho? Ungaqagela impendulo ngokuya ngohlobo lwegazi lwabazali bakho, kodwa ukuze uqiniseke ngokuphelele ukuthi uzodinga ukuhlolwa. Uma ungafuni ukuvakashela udokotela, ungasebenzisa ikhithi yokuhlonza uhlobo lwegazi ekhaya.

Izinyathelo

Indlela 1 kwezingu-2: Thola uhlobo lwegazi lakho ngokwakho

Nquma Uhlobo Lwegazi Lakho Isinyathelo 1

Isinyathelo 1. Cela uhlobo lwegazi lwabazali bakho

Uma abazali bakho bokuzalwa bazi ngakho, izinketho zakho zikhawulelwa. Ezimweni eziningi, lolu lwazi lwanele ukuthola uhlobo lwegazi lakho usebenzisa i-calculator eku-inthanethi. Ungasebenzisa futhi imininingwane elandelayo, enikeza uhlobo lwegazi lengane ngokusho kwabazali.

  • O umzali × O umzali = O ngane.
  • O umzali × Umzali = A noma O ingane.
  • O umzali × B umzali = B noma O ingane.
  • O mzali × AB umzali = A noma B ingane.
  • Umzali × Umzali = A noma O ingane.
  • Umzali × B umzali = A, B, AB noma O ingane.
  • Umzali × AB umzali = A, B noma AB ingane.
  • B umzali × B umzali = B noma O ingane.
  • Umzali B umzali we-AB = A, B noma ingane ye-AB.
  • Umzali we-AB × umzali we-AB = A, B noma ingane ye-AB.
  • Iqembu legazi lingafaka futhi i- "Rh factor" (+ noma -). Uma abazali bakho be-negative (-), isibonelo u-O- noma i-AB-, i-rhesus factor yakho nayo inegethivu (Rh-). Kepha, uma i-rhesus factor yabazali bakho iyi-positive (Rh +), ngeke ukwazi ukunquma uphawu lwakho ngaphandle kokuhlolwa.
Nquma Uhlobo Lwegazi Lakho Isinyathelo 2

Isinyathelo 2. Bheka udokotela ohlole igazi lakho

Uma enefayela lakho, mbuze ukuthi athole ukuthi lithini. Kodwa-ke, uzokwazi ukwenza lokhu kuphela uma enombiko wangaphambilini wokuhlaziya noma wokuhlola ukukhomba uhlobo lwegazi lakho. Kunezizathu eziningi zokuthi kungani ungavivinywa kanjena:

  • ukukhulelwa
  • ukuhlinzwa
  • umnikelo womzimba
  • ukumpontshelwa igazi
Nquma Uhlobo Lwegazi Lakho Isinyathelo 3

Isinyathelo 3. Sebenzisa ikhithi yokuhlonza uhlobo lwegazi

Uma ungafisi ukunikela ngegazi noma ukuvakashela udokotela, ungazinqumela uhlobo lwegazi lakho, usebenzisa ikhithi ekhethekile ongayithenga ku-inthanethi noma emakhemisi, futhi intengo yayo icishe ibe ama-euro ayishumi. Ngokuvamile, isivivinyo siqukethe ukumanzisa amaphedi amakwe ekhadibhodi elikhethekile. Uzodinga ukubhoboza umunwe wakho bese ubeka ithonsi legazi emgqeni ngamunye. Qiniseka ukuthi ulandela imiyalo yokusebenzisa ikhithi. Thola i-blister (noma izitsha ze-fluid, kuye ngamakhithi) okwenza igazi liqhume. Lokhu kusabela kubangelwa ubukhona bezinto ezingahambisani nohlobo lwegazi lakho. Lapho usuqede ukuhlolwa usebenzisa onke amaplatelets noma izitsha, uzokwazi ukuthola uhlobo lwegazi lakho ngokulandela imiyalo ekhithi noma izinkomba ezingezansi.

  • Okokuqala, hlola ukuthi ngabe igazi linamathele yini emgqeni we-Anti-A kanye ne-Anti-B.

    • Ukubambelela emgqeni we-Anti-A (kuphela) kusho uhlobo lwakho lwegazi lohlobo A.
    • Uhlobo lwegazi lakho luhlobo B uma lokhu kuhlangana kusemgqeni we-Anti-B.
    • I-Agglutination kuma-platelet e-Anti-A ne-Anti-B ifanelana neqembu legazi le-AB.
  • Okulandelayo, hlola i-Anti-D pad.

    • Uma iqukethe igazi elihlanganisiwe, i-Rh yakho iyakhanya. Kulokhu, engeza + ohlotsheni lwegazi lakho.
    • Ngaphandle kwalokho (igazi ligcina libukeka ngokufana), i-Rh yakho ayibi. Faka i- - ohlotsheni lwegazi lakho.
  • Uma isithwali seplatelet sibangela ukugoqana kwegazi noma uma ungenaso isiqiniseko somphumela, phinda ukuhlolwa kwikhathoni ehlukile. Ukuhlolwa okwenziwe nguwe akuthembeki kangako kunokwenziwa elebhu.

Indlela yesi-2 kwezingu-2: Bheka umhlinzeki wezokunakekelwa kwempilo

Nquma Uhlobo Lwegazi Lakho Isinyathelo 4

Isinyathelo 1. Cela udokotela wakho ahlaziye igazi lakho

Uma ifayela lakho lezokwelapha lingalusho uhlobo lwegazi lakho, ungalikhomba ngokuhlola. Ngale njongo, kuzodingeka ushayele noma uvakashele udokotela wakho futhi umyale ukuthi enze okudingekayo.

Zama ukusho imisho embalwa njengokuthi, “Ngifuna ukwazi uhlobo lwami lwegazi. Ungakwazi ukwenza uhlolo lokuhlonza ukuthola lokhu? "

Nquma Uhlobo Lwegazi Lakho Isinyathelo 5

Isinyathelo 2. Iya emtholampilo

Uma ungenaye udokotela ojwayelekile, ungaxhumana nomtholampilo oseduze ukuze uthole ukuhlonza. Mane umcele ukuthi ahlole igazi lakho ukuthola ukuthi hlobo luni lwegazi lakho.

Kungcono uhlole umtholampilo kuqala ukuthola ukuthi yini abangakunika yona

Nquma Uhlobo Lwegazi Lakho Isinyathelo 6

Isinyathelo 3. Nikela ngegazi

Kuyindlela elula yokuthola uhlobo lwegazi lakho ngenkathi usiza abanye abantu! Iya esikhungweni sokuqoqa igazi sendawo noma ulinde ukuhlelwa kwegazi okuhlelwe esikoleni sakho, epherishi noma esikhungweni somphakathi endaweni yangakini. Uma ulapho, cela abasebenzi ukuthi bazi ngohlobo lwegazi lakho. Kungenzeka, igazi lakho ngeke lihlaziywe ngokushesha. Ngakho-ke, ngeke uthole imiphumela yokuhlolwa kuze kube yizinsuku ezimbalwa noma emasontweni ambalwa kamuva.

  • Ngaphambi kokwenza isinqumo sokunikela ngegazi, shayela isikhungo sokuqoqa ukuze uqinisekise ukuthi unalo yini ulwazi
  • Khumbula ukuthi kunezidingo ezithile ozodinga ukuhlangabezana nazo ukuze umnikelo wakho wegazi wamukeleke. Kunezici ezingakuvimbela ekwenzeni lo mnikelo, njengokuziphatha okuyingozi kakhulu, ukuya phesheya, ukugula, noma ukwelashwa kwangaphambilini kwesifo esingelapheki.
Nquma Uhlobo Lwegazi Lakho Isinyathelo 7

Isinyathelo 4. Iya esikhungweni sokuqoqa igazi ezweni ohlala kulo

Imvamisa, isikhungo esinjalo sizohlinzeka ngezindlela zamahhala zomuntu zokunquma uhlobo lwegazi lakhe uqobo.

ECanada, vakashela iwebhusayithi esemthethweni Yezinsizakalo Zegazi zaseCanada. Ikakhulu, uzothola izinsuku zamaqoqo azohlelwa eduze kwakho. Le yimicimbi ejwayelekile ehlelwe yile nhlangano. Uzoba nemiphumela yakho ngokushesha, futhi uzobona ukuthi luvame kakhulu noma lungajwayelekile uhlobo lwegazi lakho. Uzokwazi nokuthi yiziphi izinhlobo zegazi ongazithola nokuthi unganikela ngegazi kuziphi. Uzolazi nohlobo lwegazi lwakho lwe-ABO kanye nesibonakaliso se-rhesus factor yakho, esihle noma esibi. EFrance, i-EFS (iFrench Blood Establishment) inikeza izinzuzo ezifanayo

Iseluleko

  • Ngaphezu kohlobo lwegazi lakho, kuzodingeka futhi wazi isici sakho se-rhesus. I-Red Cross noma enye indawo yezokwelapha ifaka phakathi ukuzimisela kwalesi sici ekuhlolweni kokuhlonza iqembu legazi. Ngakho-ke uzoba nalolu lwazi uma ukuhlaziywa kwegazi lakho kwenziwa yilezi zinhlangano. Kwesinye isikhathi lesi sici sichazwa ngohlamvu D. Ungaba nguD+ noma uD-. Isibonelo, uma ukuhlangana kwenzeka kuplatelet A naku-platelet D, uhlobo lwegazi lakho ngu-A+.
  • Uma ulwazi uhlobo lwegazi lwabazali bakho, ungenza iPunnet chessboard ukubikezela ukwakheka kofuzo lwakho. Ama-alleles amathathu anquma uhlobo lwegazi: i-alleles ephezulu ITO, MinaB kanye nokwehla okuphelele i. Uma uhlobo lwegazi lakho luhlobo O, uhlobo lwakho lwe-genotype luyi ii. Uma uhlobo lwegazi lakho luhlobo A, i-phenotype yakho kungaba ngu-ITOMinaTO YeboTOi.

Izexwayiso

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