Ungayibhala kanjani inkulumo: izinyathelo eziyi-15 (ezinezithombe)

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Ungayibhala kanjani inkulumo: izinyathelo eziyi-15 (ezinezithombe)
Ungayibhala kanjani inkulumo: izinyathelo eziyi-15 (ezinezithombe)
Anonim

Ngenkathi ukukhuluma esidlangalaleni kungaba yinto enzima ngokwako, ukuvivinya umzimba kuba nzima nakakhulu uma kufanele uzibhalele wena. Ngempela, inkulumo kufanele ihehe futhi kuye ngezimo, kufanele yazise, ​​ikholisise, igqugquzele noma ijabulise abalaleli. Ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukuthatha isikhathi sokwakha nokubhala umbhalo wakho. Chaza inhloso yenkulumo yakho, cwaninga isihloko sakho, bese uhlela inkulumo yakho ukubandakanya izethameli zakho.

Izinyathelo

Ingxenye 1 kwezingu-2: Ukuqamba Inkulumo Esebenzayo

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Isinyathelo 1. Yenza ucwaningo ngesihloko sakho

Uma udinga ukufundisa noma ukuncenga umphakathi, ukuthembeka kwakho kubalulekile. Ngakho-ke kufanele wazi isihloko sakho ngokuphelele. Ungagxili endaweni yakho yokubuka bese ubheka zonke izimpikiswano ezihlobene nephuzu lakho. Ngaleyo ndlela uzokwazi ukumelana nanoma imuphi umbuzo ovela emphakathini futhi ubakholise kangcono. Zazise ngokusebenzisa zonke izinto ezifanele onazo. Dweba ulwazi lwakho ezincwadini, ezifundweni, ezindatshaneni zezifundo nasemaphephandabeni. Futhi hlola ochwepheshe noma amasayithi aku-inthanethi, unakekela ukuqinisekisa ukwethembeka kolwazi.

Uma ubhala inkulumo yephrojekthi yesikole noma yasekolishi, kungahle kube ngcono ukungayiphindisi imithombo. Uma ungabaza, cela iseluleko kuthisha noma kumfundisi wakho

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Isinyathelo 2. Chaza uhlelo lwakho lokukhuluma

Chaza injongo yenkulumo yakho. Kungaba isethulo sobungcweti, inkulumo yokuvula umcimbi, ukungenelela emhlanganweni wabafundi, isicelo sokuqwashisa umphakathi ngesizathu noma ngisho nezifiso emcimbini wangasese. Inkulumo yakho ngakho-ke ingenziwa ukwazisa, ukukholisa, ukugqugquzela, ukuqwashisa, ukubonga noma ukujabulisa abamukeli bayo. Lapho ususungule umgomo wakho, bhala phansi yonke imibono yakho bese ukhetha leyo ebonakala ifaneleka kakhulu kuwe. Ngemuva kwalokho chaza uhlaka lwenkulumo yakho ngokuluhlela njengokubala kwegama elingukhiye noma uhlu olunezinombolo.

Uma inkulumo yakho ihloselwe ukukholisa, ungayethula njengenkinga okufanele ixazululwe. Umzimba wombhalo ngakho-ke uzokwakhiwa izingxenye ezimbili. Phakamisa imibuzo onentshisekelo ngayo kweyokuqala futhi wandise kuyo ezigatshaneni. Kwesesibili, yethula izixazululo zakho ngokuzama ukuphendula into ngayinye eshiwo engxenyeni yokuqala

iseluleko: ungawubhali umbhalo wakho. Gxila kumongo wendaba yakho nokuhlelwa kwemibono yakho. Ukubhala uqobo kuyisinyathelo sokugcina kuphela enkambisweni.

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Isinyathelo 3. Thola i-hook ephumelelayo

Imizuzu embalwa yokuqala yenkulumo yakho ibalulekile ekwakheni intshisekelo nokunaka kwezilaleli. Ngokuya ngezimo, ungayethula ngokuthinta amahlaya, iqiniso elithusayo noma inombolo ecacile. Faka izethameli zakho ngokubabuza umbuzo ovulekile noma ovaliwe ohlobene nesihloko sakho.

  • Isibonelo, uma ufuna ukugqugquzela abantu ukuthi banciphise isisindo futhi nawe ubukade usesimweni esifanayo, yabelana ngesipiliyoni sangempela sempilo ukuze ufinyelele kubo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngokuzibandakanya mathupha, uzoqinisa ukuthembeka kwakho. Isibonelo, qala inkulumo yakho ngokukhuluma ngokuthi kwakunzima kanjani ukukhuphuka izitebhisi ezimbalwa lapho wawukhuluphele.
  • Ukwenza abantu banciphise ukuthembela kwabo ezintweni zokubasa ezimbiwa phansi, vula inkulumo yakho ngenombolo eshoyo noma ngeqiniso elithusayo. Isibonelo, yenza ukuxhumana phakathi kokuxhashazwa kwamalahle nowoyela, ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke kanye nezimo zezulu ezibhubhisayo. Ngokufanelekile, thembela kukakhonkolo, icala lakamuva.
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Isinyathelo 4. Contextualize inkulumo yakho

Lapho usuyitholile ingwegwe yakho, lungiselela isingeniso senkulumo yakho. Kufanele kusethe uhlaka olujwayelekile lwenkulumo yakho futhi kunikeze izethameli isizathu sokukulalela. Qala ngokuzethula, njengoba ungahle ungaziwa kuwo wonke umuntu. Futhi, ukusho ukuthi ungubani kukunikeza ukufaneleka, kwakha ukuthembeka kwakho, futhi kwakha ubuhlobo nabalaleli. Noma ngabe ukwethula iphrojekthi yesikole noma ukumemezela izindaba kubahlanganyeli, khombisa isizathu nenhloso yokungenelela kwakho. Ngaphandle kwencazelo ecacile, umphakathi ungalahlekelwa intshisekelo kulokhu okushoyo.

Uma uhlela i-fundraiser, yethula iphrojekthi noma ubangele ukuthi uyisekele njengesingeniso. Isibonelo, uma inkulumo yakho iyikholi yeminikelo yokuxhasa ucwaningo ngesifo i-Alzheimer's, chaza kafushane isimo nemiphumela yaso emibi kakhulu. Faka izinombolo ezisemqoka, incazelo yentuthuko yakamuva yesayensi, noma isivivinyo esihambayo

iseluleko: Lungiselela isingeniso esifushane nesiphuphu. Ngokubhala, akufanele yeqe isigaba esisodwa. Nikeza kuphela izakhi eziteleka kakhulu bese uzithuthukisa emzimbeni wenkulumo yakho.

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Isinyathelo 5. Hlela imibono yakho ngokunengqondo

Inkulumo isebenza kahle kakhulu njengoba ilula kuzo zombili izinto nefomu. Gxila entuthukweni yakho cishe amaphuzu amathathu kuya kwamahlanu. Inhlangano yabo incike kokuqukethwe yinkulumo yakho. Ungalandela ukulandelana kwezikhathi, usethe ukuqhathanisa, uqokomise isixhumanisi esiyimbangela noma ukhethe isakhiwo semfundo. Okusemqoka ukwakha uhlelo olunengqondo futhi oluqondakalayo. Lapho imibono yakho seyakhiwe, yibuyisele emuva ngamaqiniso anenhloso, izibalo eziqinisekisiwe noma ama-anecdotes anzima. Ngokubhala, umqondo ungahambelana nesigaba, mhlawumbe uqobo uhlukaniswe.

Isibonelo, ukuqwashisa mayelana nokulwa nokuhlolwa kwezilwane embonini yezimonyo, ungaba nohlelo olunezingxenye ezintathu. Okokuqala, chaza ukuthi ukuhlolwa kwezilwane kuyisihluku kanjani. Okwesibili, bonisa ukungabi namsebenzi kwalezi zinqubo. Qeda ngokunikeza imininingwane yezinye izindlela ezenza lezi zindlela zingasasebenzi. Thuthukisa imidlalo yakho ngokufaka izimpikiswano zesayensi, zomthetho, ezomnotho, ezebhizinisi, zokuziphatha noma zenhlalo

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Isinyathelo 6. Yakha ingxenye ngayinye

Lungiselela umusho noma emibili ukwethula bese uphetha ngesifinyezo. Lezi zinto ziyizinto ezibalulekile zenkulumo yakho futhi zibamba iqhaza ekwakhiweni kwayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, bazomaka izingqondo zabalaleli ngaphezu kokuqukethwe yingxenye uqobo lwayo. Ngakho-ke kufanele uphathe ukwethulwa kanye nokuphethwa kwezigaba zakho ngokuthanda ukucubungula nokulula.

Isibonelo, uma ulungiselela inkulumo ngemiphumela yokusebenza, ungahle unikeze isigaba ekuhlungeni kwemisipha. Qala ngokukhumbuza izilaleli ngephuzu ozoxoxa ngalo. Bese uchaza uphawu nemininingwane yezindlela zalo zomzimba, izenzo zokuvimbela kanye nanoma iyiphi enye into esekela iphuzu lakho. Qeda ngokufingqa umlayezo oyinhloko womdlalo ngomusho owodwa noma emibili

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Isinyathelo 7. Nakekela ukuguquka kwakho

Zibopha izingxenye ndawonye, ​​ezenza kube nokwenzeka ukubhala inkulumo emanzi nehambisanayo. Ngaphandle kwalezi zinguquko, umbhalo wakho uzovela ungaconsi phansi futhi ungahlelekile. Ngokuya ngokuqukethwe yinkulumo yakho, mane ufake amagama okuxhuma noma izixhumi ezinengqondo noma ulungiselele ukuhwebelana kwemisho embalwa.

  • Ukwethula inkulumo yakho, ungathi “Ngifuna ukukhuluma nawe mayelana” noma “ake sikhulume”.
  • Engxenyeni ethile, hlanganisa imisho yakho namagama alula njengezihlanganisi zokuxhumanisa zika- "kodwa", "noma", "no", "ngakho-ke", "noma", "noma" nokuthi "ngoba".
  • Ukwethula uhlelo olunezingxenye ezimbili, ungasebenzisa izinkulumo ezithi "kuqala" kanye "nesibili".
  • Ukumemezela uhlelo olunezingxenye ezintathu, ungasebenzisa izixhumi "zokuqala", "bese", nezithi "ekugcineni".
  • Ukudwebela umugqa wesikhathi, ungasebenzisa amagama alula njengokuthi "ekuqaleni", "ke", "futhi" futhi "ekugcineni".
  • Ukugcizelela ubukhulu besikhashana, khetha izinkulumo ezifana nokuthi "namuhla", "ngalesi sikhathi", "njengoba silapha" noma "namuhla".
  • Ukugcizelela ukuxhumana okuyimbangela, xhuma izingxenye zakho nemishwana efana nokuthi "okusiletha ephuzwini elilandelayo" noma "ngakho-ke".
  • Ukuze uphethe umdlalo, ungathi "njengoba ngichazile nje" noma "ukufingqa".
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Isinyathelo 8. Phetha inkulumo yakho ngokuheha izilaleli

Uma inhloso yakho ukwethula iphrojekthi, ukwazisa noma ukufundisa umphakathi, sebenzisana nayo. Ekupheleni kokungenelela, khuthaza abalaleli ukuthi bafunde kabanzi, banikele ngokwezimali kuphrojekthi yakho, bashintshe indlela yabo yokuphila noma bakubuze imibuzo.

  • Isibonelo, uma ngabe unikele inkulumo yakho emiphumeleni yokufudumala kwembulunga emphakathini wamabhere asezindaweni eziphakeme, phetha ngokunikeza imininingwane yokuxhumana yezinhlangano ezisebenzela lesi sizathu noma ukuvikela imvelo.
  • Uma ngabe wabelane ngesipiliyoni sakho ngokukhuluphala ngokweqile, qeda inkulumo yakho ngokunikeza izeluleko ezibambekayo noma amagama abantu noma izinhlangano ezikusizile.

Ingxenye 2 ka-2: bhekela ukwakheka kwenkulumo

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Isinyathelo 1. Hlanganisa isilulumagama kuzethameli zakho

Ngokuvamile, thanda ubulula nobufushane ukuze inkulumo yakho icace futhi iqondakale kahle. Uma kufanele usebenzise amagama athile noma ayinkimbinkimbi, zinike isikhathi sokuwachaza uma kunesidingo. Isibonelo, uma ubhekene nesihloko sesayensi, sebenzisa ulimi lobuchwepheshe uma ukhuluma nochwepheshe, kepha gwema i-jargon uma ukhuluma nabantu abangajwayelekile. Ukwakha inkulumo eguquguqukayo neqondakalayo, gcwalisa imisho yakho njalo ngezikhathi noma ngamakhoma bese ukhetha ifomu elisebenzayo. Khetha izakhiwo ezilula zohlelo lolimi, ngisho nezingaphansi.

  • Isibonelo, uma ukhuluma ngokubaluleka kwesisindo somzimba, gwema imisho eyinkimbinkimbi enjengokuthi "Ukuzuza nokugcina isisindo esinempilo luhambo olude, kepha kuyakufanelekela ngoba kukusiza ukuthi ufinyelele empumelelweni. Izenzo zangempela zomzimba ezikhulisa wena ukuzethemba nokwakha umuzwa wokuziqhenya. Ungahle ucasule noma ucasule umphakathi. Uncamela ukwakheka okuthe xaxa okufana nokuthi "Lawula isisindo sakho ukuze uzidlise nsuku zonke." Uzojabula kakhulu ngayo nsuku zonke. "
  • Ijubane lenkulumo libalulekile. Uma ifana futhi iyisidina, izethameli zingadinwa futhi ziphazamiseke. Ukugcina izilaleli ziphapheme, shintsha ubude bemisho yakho futhi unike isikhathi samakhefu. Ngempela, ukuthula, phakathi kwezinye izinto, kungathuthukisa iphuzu noma kusize ukudonsa ukunaka kwabalaleli.
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Isinyathelo 2. Nciphisa ukusetshenziswa kwezabizwana zomuntu siqu

Ukuthinta umphakathi, vumela ukusetshenziswa kwamagama afanele. Qamba abantu, izindawo nezinto ozisho enkulumweni yakho, noma ngabe kusho ukuziphinda. Yize kunjalo, ukusetshenziswa kwesabizwana soqobo nezichasiso zokukhombisa kungaba isu lokuxhumana.

  • Gcina ukusetshenziswa komuntu wokuqala ngobunye ekwethulweni noma enkulumweni.
  • Sebenzisa ubuningi bomuntu wokuqala ukuxhumana nezithameli futhi ubakhuthaze ukuthi benze okuthile.
  • Khetha ubuningi bomuntu wesibili ukuzibandakanya ngqo nezethameli.
  • Nciphisa ukusetshenziswa kwesabizwana esithi "yena" njengesabizwana esingesona esomuntu, ngoba kungenza imisho yakho ibe nzima. Isibonelo, ungathatha indawo yokuthi “kumele silwe” nokuthi “silwe”.
  • Isabizwana esithi "on" siyahlukahluka. Ungayisebenzisa ukukhombisa into engaqondakali noma ukufaka esinye isimemezelo.
  • Sebenzisa izabizwana ezibizwa nge-tonic ezifana "nami", "wena", "zona", "yena" noma "yena" ukugcizelela umuntu noma inhlangano.
  • Izabizwana zokukhombisa nezichasiso ezinjengokuthi “lezi”, “lokho” noma “lokho” zivumela ukufanelekela inkulumo. Isibonelo, "lelo" lisho ibanga phakathi kwesipikha nebhizinisi eliqokiwe.
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Isinyathelo 3. Phinda amagama abalulekile

Uma ukuphindaphinda kusinda embhalweni obhaliwe, kuyisu lokuxhumana ngomlomo. Lapho umyalezo uphindaphindwa, kulapho uthinta kakhulu ukwazi komuntu owemukelayo futhi uyagculiseka. Le ndlela isetshenziswa emikhakheni eyehlukahlukene njengezombusazwe noma ukukhangisa. Ukwenza isithombe, sebenzisa izifenqo zokukhuluma zokugcizelela. Isibonelo, i-anaphora ukuphindaphinda kwegama elifanayo ekuqaleni kokulandelana kwemisho. I-Redundancy icashile kunokuphindaphinda okulula ngoba isebenzisa amagama avela enkambini efanayo ye-lexical.

  • Isibonelo, ukugqugquzela abathengisi ukuthi bathuthukise umkhiqizo omusha obizwa nge-Synergy, phinda lelo gama kuyo yonke inkulumo yakho. Ifake njengoba kunjalo emishweni yakho noma kuma-puns afana nokuthi "work in synergy".
  • Ukugcizelela umbono wokuthi ukugijima kunomthelela enhlalakahleni yengqondo, hlanganisa imisho emifushane efana nokuthi "ukugijima kusiza ngobuhlungu" noma "gijimisa ukuze uzizwe ungcono." "
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Isinyathelo 4. Khetha idatha yenhloso efanele kakhulu

Amaqiniso nezibalo zengeza ukwethembeka kulokho okushoyo, inqobo nje uma kuqinisekisiwe, kufanelekile futhi kungenakho ukwenzelela. Ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukukhetha okuthakazelisa kakhulu kuphela, engcupheni yokuthi ucindezele umyalezo wakho bese udida umlaleli. Khetha izingcaphuno, izibalo, noma amaqiniso angenza izethameli zisabele. Ungabagcizelela ngokukubeka ekuqaleni kwendima. Kungcono ukunamathela entweni eyodwa noma ezimbili engxenyeni ngayinye, kepha ungangena kokuningi kuye ngenkulumo yakho.

  • Isibonelo, uma ufuna ukufundisa umphakathi ngokuncipha kwezilwane zasendle, usho ukuthi ama-60% ezinhlobo asephelile kusukela ngawo-1970 kwanele ukubandakanya abalaleli. Akusizi ngalutho, ngisho nokuzala, ukunikeza izibalo eziningiliziwe ngezinhlobo zezinto eziphilayo.
  • Uma uphinda umsebenzi wochwepheshe, ungacaphuna isicashunwa uma silula futhi sifushane. Ngokubhala, akufanele yeqe imigqa emibili noma emithathu. Uma ikhotheshini yinde noma ingacacanga, ungayiphinda uma ihambisana kakhulu. Kulokhu, qiniseka ukuyichaza ukuze iqondwe yibo bonke.
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Isinyathelo 5. Lungisa ithoni yenkulumo yakho

Ngokuya ngezimo, ungakhetha ithoni ebucayi, elula, ehlekisayo, eshukumisayo noma enothando. Ngokubhangqa ithoni elifanele namagama akhethwe ngokucophelela, ungathola iphuzu lakho ngempumelelo enkulu.

Isibonelo, uma uletha uthando lwakho lokudla enkulumweni yokuthi ungumpheki, sebenzisa ithoni elula ngokuthinta amahlaya. Lokhu kukuvumela ukuthi ubeke uphawu enkulumweni yakho ngama-anecdotes ahlekisayo

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Isinyathelo 6. Sebenzisa izinsiza-kufundisa

Ukusetshenziswa kwamaphaneli wesethulo, ukuqagela, ividiyo noma ukuhlela kusoftware efana ne- I-Power Point kungaba wusizo. Kodwa-ke, kufanele ikhonjwe kahle, engcupheni yokuzala. Ngempela, uma uphindaphinda izisekeli noma uma imidwebo yakho iyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu, umlaleli ngeke akulalele, ngoba ukunaka kwakhe kuzogxila kulokho akubonayo. Uma usebenzisa ihluzo, izithombe, noma imidwebo, qiniseka ukuthi icacile futhi izwakala kalula.

I-visual aid iyisihlanganisi futhi iyayisekela inkulumo yakho. Akufanele ufunde okuqukethwe isethulo sakho, ngoba lokhu kungacasula izethameli

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Isinyathelo 7. Phelelisa Inkulumo Yakho

Lapho usuqedile ukubhala, funda umbhalo wakho ngokuzwakalayo izikhathi eziningana. Khomba indawo ngayinye yokwenza ngcono ukuze ubhale inkulumo ehambisanayo nenomthelela.Kungaba yigama noma ibinzana ukushintsha, idatha ongasusa, impikiswano engezwe, noma ukuhleleka kwezingxenye okufanele kuguqulwe. Uma kudingeka, zijwayeze isitophuwashi.

Ukufunda wedwa akwanele, ngoba inkulumo yakho ihloselwe ukuba nomthelela kubalaleli. Ukuze ubone noma iziphi izikhala, zijwayeze umbhalo wakho ucabange izethameli eziphambi kwakho. Sebenzisa imiphimbo efanele, ikhefu, nolimi lomzimba

iseluleko Zijwayeze phambi komuntu omethembayo njengelungu lomndeni, umngani, osebenza naye, noma umuntu othintwe inkulumo yakho. Cabangela imibono yabo ukuze uthuthukise umbhalo wakho.

Ethandwa ngesihloko